Pandan Wangi (Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb.) Leaves Extract as Flies Repellent and Its Effect on Organoleptic Qualities of Chicken Meat

Arif Ismanto, Hosni Mubarok, Fikri Ardhani

Abstract


The research aims to determine the effectiveness of pandan wangi (Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb.) leaves extract (PWLE) as flies repellent and understand its effect on the organoleptic qualities of chicken meat. The study was conducted in a completely randomized design with PWLE concentrations (0, 5, 10, 15, and 20%) as research treatments and replicated for four times. The flies repelling data were analyzed by using ANOVA and followed with Least Significance Different (LSD) test. Moreover, the organoleptic test results were analyzed by using Kruskal Wallis test. The results showed that the immersion of chicken meat in PWLE was effective to reduce the number of flies contamination with a repellent level of 0%; 8.25%; 36.5%; 53% and 59%, on the PWLE addition at 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20%, respectively. The results of the organoleptic test showed that the PWLE affected the preference of panelists on color, aroma, and texture parameters.


Keywords


Chicken meat; pandan wangi leaves extract; repellent; flies; organoleptic

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adenusi, A. A., & Adewoga, T. O. S. (2013). Studies on the potential and public health importance of non-biting synanthropic flies in the mechanical transmission of human enterohelminths. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. https://doi.org/10.1093/trstm h/trt095

Afrianti, M., Dwiloka, B., & Setiani, B. (2013). Total bakteri, pH, dan kadar air daging ayam broiler setelah direndam dengan ekstrak daun senduduk (Melastoma Malabathricum L.) selama masa simpan. Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, 4(7), 49–56.

Cheng, Y. Bin, Hu, H. C., Tsai, Y. C., Chen, S. L., El-Shazly, M., Nonato, M. G., Chang, F. R. (2017). Isolation and absolute configuration determination of alkaloids from Pandanus amaryllifolius. Tetrahedron, 73(25), 3423–3429. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.t et.2017.05.002

De Jesús, A. J., Olsen, A. R., Bryce, J. R., & Whiting, R. C. (2004). Quantitative contamination and transfer of Escherichia coli from foods by houseflies, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae). International Journal of Food Microbiology, 93(2), 259–262. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2003.12.003

Depkes RI. (1992). Petunjuk Teknis Tentang Pemberantasan Lalat. Jakarta. Ditjen PPM & PLP.

Ditjen Peternakan dan Keswan. (2012). Tanya Jawab Seputar Daging Ayam Sumber Makanan Bergizi.

Haselton, A. T., Acevedo, A., Kuruvilla, J., Werner, E., Kiernan, J., & Dhar, P. (2015). Repellency of α-pinene against the house fly, Musca domestica. Phytochemistry, 117, 469–475. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytoch em.2015.07.004

Hazzard, A. S., & Jennings, P. J. (1936). A Book of Trout Flies. Copeia. https://doi.org/10.2307/1436393

Marina, R., & Astuti, E. P. (2012). Potensi daun pandan (Pandanus amaryllifolius) dan repellen nyamuk aedes albopictus potency of Pandanus amaryllifolius and Notophanax scutellarium as aedes albopictus mosquito repellent. Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan, 4, 85–91.

Muhimmah, I. (2014). Uji Efektivitas Ekstrak Daun Pandan Wangi (Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb.) Sebagai Insektisida Nabati Dalam Mengurangi Jumlah Lalat Selama Proses Penjemuran Ikan Kembung (Rastrelliger kanagurta) Asin (Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim).

Perdana, O. S., Riyanti, & Septinova, D. (2016). Efektivitas tepung bunga kecombrang (Nicolaila speciosa Horan) sebagai pengawet terhadap daya suka organoleptik daging broiler. Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan Terpadu, 4(1), 19–23.

Rozendaal, J. A. (1997). Vector control and. WHO, Geneva, 17–18.

Singh, B., & Kaur, A. (2018). Control of insect pests in crop plants and stored food grains using plant saponins: A review. LWT - Food Science and Technology, 87, 93–101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2017.08.077

Widiastuti, D. dan S. (2008). Uji efikasi ekstrak daun babadotan sebagai insektisida nabati terhadap lalat rumah (Musca domestica) di laboratorium. Balaba, 007(2), 7–10.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jitek.2020.015.02.2

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.